United Nations.- By Apostolos Zoupaniotis
United Nations Security Council adopted on Thursday, with 14 votes in favour and one abstention (Azerbaijan), resolution 2089/201, renewing the mandate of the United Nations Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) for six more months, until 31st of July 2013.
Permanent Representative of Azerbaijan to the UN, Ambassador Agshin Mehdiyev, said that his country supports the renewal of UNFICYP mandate, but the resolution includes information which is obsolete, such as the references to missing persons and some references concerning the Cyprus talks.
He noted that the international community looks forward to a just and durable political settlement without further delay, adding that it will be to the benefit of both sides and the region in its whole if a solution is found the soonest.
Mehdiyet noted that his country believes that a solution in the framework of the UN parameters is possible and assured of Azerbaijan’s support to efforts made by the UNSG towards this direction, underlying that a settlement can be achieved only through a process that has been established in the framework of the UN Secretary General’s good offices mission.
He expressed his country’s disagreement, noting that while the resolution must be a technical repetition, it includes information which is obsolete.
He said that resolution 2089 is the same as resolution 2058 and does not reflect developments during the past six months. As he noted, the resolution calls for more intensive talks, even though the talks halted in July 2012.
He also said that the resolution includes inaccuracies as the reference to military regions in the occupied northern part of Cyprus which must become accessible, without however this issue being currently on the agenda.
The Azerbaijani Ambassador noted that many of the important issues raised by the Representation of his country were not taken into consideration during deliberations and for this reason Azerbaijan abstained.
He also commended the role of Britain in deliberations about the resolution.
In the main part of the resolution it is stated that the UNSC:
“1. Acknowledges the progress made so far in the fully fledged negotiations, but notes that this has not been sufficient and has not yet resulted in a comprehensive and durable settlement, and urges the sides to continue their discussions to reach decisive progress on the core issues.
2. Takes note of the report of the Secretary-General (S/2013/07);
3. Recalls Security Council resolution 2026 (2011), and calls upon the two leaders to: (a) Put their efforts behind further work on reaching convergences on the core issues; (b) Continue to work with the Technical Committees with the objective of improving the daily lives of the Cypriots; (c) Improve the public atmosphere for the negotiations, including by focusing public messages on convergences and the way ahead, and delivering more constructive and harmonised messages; and (d) Increase the participation of civil society in the process as appropriate;
4. Urges the implementation of confidence-building measures, and looks forward to agreement on and implementation of further such steps, including military confidence building measures and the opening of other crossing points;
5. Urges all parties to be more forthcoming in accommodating the Committee for Missing Persons exhumation requirements by providing unrestricted access throughout the island, including in military areas in the north;
6. Reaffirms all its relevant resolutions on Cyprus, in particular resolution 1251 (1999) of 29 June 1999 and subsequent resolutions;
7. Expresses its full support for UNFICYP and decides to extend its mandate for a further period ending 31 July 2013;
8. Calls on both sides to continue to engage, as a matter of urgency and while respecting UNFICYP’s mandate, in consultations with UNFICYP on the demarcation of the buffer zone, and on the United Nations 1989 aide-memoire, with a view to reaching early agreement on outstanding issues;
9. Calls on the Turkish Cypriot side and Turkish forces to restore in Strovilia the military status quo which existed there prior to 30 June 2000;
10. Calls on both sides to allow access to deminers and to facilitate the removal of the remaining mines in Cyprus within the buffer zone, and urges both sides to extend demining operations outside the buffer zone;
11. Requests the Secretary-General to submit a report on implementation of this resolution, including on contingency planning in relation to the settlement, by 10 July 2013 and to keep the Security Council updated on events as necessary;