By Harry Theofanus
This is a response to the statement “In the best interest of the United States” that I also agree as it relates to advocating for issues affecting U.S. relations with Cyprus and Greece. The big question now is what base should be used to determine “the best interest of the United States”, (a) the United States Laws and Constitution, or (b) the State Department foreign police, or (c) the influences of the U.S. allies’ like Britain, and persons like Dr. Kissinger?.
First test, after the Black July/August Days of 1974:
1. We all Remember and deplore as Expatriates (apothemi ellines) and American citizens the two terrorist acts on the Republic of Cyprus of July and August 1974 by two US allies Greece and Turkey using peaceful demonstrations in front of the UN building in N.Y .and Washington D.C.
2. Remember and celebrated the overthrow of the Greek military Honda in July of 1974 with most of the overseas Expatriates again by using peaceful demonstrations and gatherings.
3. Remember and participated as American citizens with many thousands other Expatriates in numerous Washington D.C. and New York City for freedom and Justice for Cyprus using again peaceful demonstrations, 1974-78.
4. Remembering and assisting the CORRECT United States stand during the 1974-75 drive to place an arms Embargo on Turkey for ILLEGALY using American arms during the Cyprus interventions/invasion of 1974.
We the Oversees Expatriates of Greek and Cypriot backgrounds and American Citizens accomplished all of the above in the best interest of the U.S. using as “base” the “United States Laws and the U.S. Constitution” and DID IT UNITED.
Second test, after the Adaption of the Arms Embargo on Turkey came the Lifting of the Embargo,
Right after the Adoption of the legal Arms Embargo, Voices from our State Department started to ask for the lifting of the Embargo, Voices from allied Country Grade Britain also were heard. Voices from Dr. Kissinger increased even after he was no longer our Secretary of State claiming that the U.S. Arms Embargo on Turkey was against the best interest of the Unite States, STATING also that LIFTING the Embargo will keep Turkey in NATO and make Turkey more flexible on a Cyprus solution based on the UNSC adopted Resolutions on Cyprus.
During the Carter administration and the early months of 1978 most of the U.S. Greek-American organizations started to follow the United States Greek Orthodox Archdiocese Leadership and the New Greek government leaders that did not oppose the LIFTING of the U.S. Arms Embargo after it was condition with a seven to one ration of the military aid among Turkey and Greece. The Cyprus Government attitude was that it was a U.S. internal mater but stated that resumption of American military aid to Turkey would be a mistake and that it will make Turkey more aggressive and that the LIFTING will NOT make Turkey more flexible or more reasonable.
On July 25, 1978, the U.S. Senate lifted the Embargo by 57 votes in favor and 42 against.
On August 1, 1978, the U.S. Congress lifted the Embargo by 208 votes in favor and 205 against lifting.
If the Greek-American Community was this time also UNITED and based their DECISION as American citizens on “the United States Laws and the U.S. Constitution” as they did during the July and August 1974 Black July Days they could easily get more than the two votes needed to BLOCK the U.S. Congress vote and prevent the lifting of the Arms embargo to Turkey on August 1, 1978 U.S. Congress Vote.
The results of the LIFTING of the Embargo are,
The lifting of the Arms Embargo INSTEAD of making Turkey more flexible, more reasonable and ready to assist on a Just lasting Cyprus reunification solution based on the UNSC adopted resolutions, as per. Dr. Kissinger’s and our allied Britain promised, had exactly the opposite effect, it encourage Turkey to more aggressive with her illegal plans.
(a) Started the Colonization of the occupied area with none Cypriots so that today we have in the occupied part of Cyprus three times more illegal settlers than the legal Turkish-Cypriots population.
(b) Turkey started and formed the illegal TRNC (the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus) of the occupied area, recognized only by Turkey and does not implement any UNSC adopted resolutions to give the needed political will to the Cypriot community leaders and the legal Cypriot citizens to agree on a reunification solution for their country.
(c) Turkey during the Iraq invasion did not allow the U.S. troops to invade Iraq through Turkey.
(d) Turkey now demands a Cyprus solution based on two States with a loose central government ie a confederation type of government.
(e) Turkey’s publicly makes threats to companies that have made bids to the EEZ of Cyprus that are contrary to the UN Charter and to the law of the sea and sent its navy illegally inside Cyprus sea waters.
Final comment in the form of a question, based on the statement “in the best interest of the U.S.” was the Greek-American Community acting against the best interest of the United States when they demonstrated against two U.S. allies, or when they supported the Arms Embargo or when they celebrated the overthrow of the Greek military government. Also did the Lifting of the legal Arms Embargo help the Republic of Cyprus straggle for justice or help the relationships of Greece and Turkey and above all improved the Middle East Area security in general?
Our answerer to the comment is NO They were not acting against the best interest of the Unite States they were acting in support of the United States Constitution and the U.S. Laws I was one of them.
**** Harry Theofanus Human Rights Advocate, Past President of Cyprus Federation of America and PSKA