President Christofias: Turkey not working towards a federal solution
Nicosia.- (CNA) — Students across the free areas of the Republic of Cyprus condemned the unilateral declaration of independence (UDI) of the puppet regime in the Turkish occupied areas of the island, on 15 November 1983. In demonstrations to deplore the 25th anniversary since the UDI by the Turkish Cypriots, held in central areas of all major towns, the students held banners and chanted slogans, demanding independence, liberty and democracy, and stressing that no one could prevent peace in Cyprus and that Cyprus belonged to its people.
Leaders of student and youth organisations said in speeches that the event aimed at expressing opposition to the UDI and the puppet regime, and to say that the new generation wanted a solution of the Cyprus problem by the Cypriots themselves, Greek Cypriots and Turkish Cypriots.
They also said that all students were united in sending the message that they wanted a peaceful solution of the Cyprus problem, in cooperation with the Turkish Cypriots.
The speakers called on the international community to exert pressure on the Turkish side with an aim to reach a just, viable and functional solution of the Cyprus problem, based on UN resolutions and the principles of international and European law.
The main events were organised in Nicosia, Limassol, Larnaca and Paphos, followed by concerts.
The government has assured that it remains committed to a solution of the Cyprus problem which will be consistent with the principles of international law and the European Union. The solution, the Foreign Ministry said in a statement, will be based on one state with a single sovereignty, one international personality and one citizenship, with its independence and its territorial integrity safeguarded, comprising two, politically equal communities, in a bi-zonal, bi-communal federation.
“Only such a solution, which serves the interests of all Cypriots, restores human rights and can reverse the fait accompli created by the illegal Turkish invasion and occupation, be functional and viable,” the statement stresses.
The statement was issued to denounce the unilateral declaration of independence by the Turkish Cypriots, on November 15, 1983.
“This illegal act caused the immediate reaction of the international community, which, through the UN Security Council resolutions 541 and 550 condemned this unilateral act of Turkey, describing it as legally invalid, and calling for its immediate withdrawal,” the Ministry statement said, which notes also that since 1983, no other country than Turkey has recognised this illegal entity.
“At a time when direct negotiations are underway to find a solution to the Cyprus problem, statements made by Turkish officials and the leadership of the Turkish Cypriot community, unfortunately, confirm that the aim of the Turkish side is to upgrade the illegal entity in the occupied areas of Cyprus and undermine efforts for reunification,” it added.
In his message of condemnation, Andreas Demetriou, Minister of Education and Culture, said that “November 15 is a day of protest and condemnation of an illegal action against our country, which for 34 years now is waging a difficult struggle to free itself of the Turkish occupation.”
“Cyprus, as an EU member and having international recognition and UN principles as its only weapons continues the anti-occupation struggle to achieve reunification, through a just, peaceful and viable solution through negotiations, which will ensure the withdrawal of the Turkish occupation troops and settlers, the return of the refugees to their homes and a reunited country where all its citizens live in harmony,” he added.
Political parties have also issued statements denouncing the UDI and reiterating their will to work towards a negotiated settlement.
Cyprus President Demetris Christofias believes that Turkey is not working for a bizonal, bicommunal federal solution in Cyprus but for a two state solution and a confederation of two states.
President Christofias was speaking during an event organised here on Friday by ruling leftwing AKEL party to condemn the unilateral declaration of independence (UDI) by the Turkish Cypriots, in the Turkish occupied areas of the island, on 15 November 1983.
“At the end of the day, it seems that Turkey is not working for a bizonal bicommunal federation in Cyprus but for the establishment of two states and a confederation of two states,” the President said.
He described as “devious” attempts by the Turkish side to persuade the international community that there are “two peoples in Cyprus instead of two communities”, explaining that “peoples have the right to self-determination and the right to establish their own state.”
“They created this secessionist regime and they also want to create the entity to justify the existence of supposedly a second state, in Cyprus, that of the self-styled regime”, he pointed out.
Christofias expressed regret over statements by Turkish Cypriot leader Mehmet Ali Talat that the illegal Turkish Cypriot regime was proof that the Turkish Cypriots back a solution of a bizonal bicommunal federation.
“I wonder whether general Evren and Turkeyʼs dictatorship in 1983 had no other concern but to see to it that Cyprus becomes a bizonal bicommunal federation,” the President said.
The UDI, declared on 15 November 1983 by the Turkish Cypriots, was branded “legally invalid” by the UN Security Council, which called on all states not to recognise or facilitate it in any way. None but Turkey does.
Referring to the ongoing talks on Cyprus between him and Talat, he reiterated his determination to work for a solution which will rid the country of Turkeyʼs occupation.
“The objective is not simply to put Turkey in the corner but to liberate our people from the Turkish occupation through a Cyprus solution, a just solution under the circumstances, functional and viable”, he underlined.