UNITED NATIONS.- by Apostolis Zoupaniotis
United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Annan in a written statement issued on Friday night, few hours after a press statement by the president of the Security Council, informed the council that a new report is coming very soon, thus clearing the way for a new debate, with a goal to adopt a new resolution, possibly under Chapter 7.
Kofi Annan is expected to submit a new report to the Council today, with recommendations on the formation of the new peace keeping Mission of the United Nations in Cyprus (UNMICYP). He suggests an arms embargo to be implemented in the UCR, under Chapter 7 of the UN Charter. Resolutions under Chapter 7 – such us in Iraq, Bosnia and Kosovo – could be implemented with use of force.
This is the only element of the draft resolution that is under Chapter 7. The resolution also endorses the foundation agreement, calls on the parties to implement all the elements of the solution with the relevant timeframe. It will state that union of the component states, or partition will be prohibited, while it will recognizes the political equality of Greek Cypriots and Turkish Cypriots an of the two component states.
It is not clear yet, wheather the Security Council will adopt a resolution, setting the implementation of the solution under chapter 7.
On Thursday, Secretary of State Colin Powel had extensive phone conversations of with Cypriot political leaders Dimitris Christofias and Nicos Anastasiadis. Dimitri Christofias, whose leftist party, the biggest in Cyprus, holds the key to the Greek Cypriot vote, in an interview on Greek Television, indicated that adoption of a Security Council Resolution under Chapter 7, guaranteeing the implementation of the settlement plan, will force his party to re-evaluate its position.
EDEK president Yiannakis Omirou also supported a new resolution under chapter.
In the meantime, President Papadopoulos indicated that he is ready to accept the idea of a postponement of the vote.
The final publicized polls, show opposition to the plan ahead with 68% over 28%.
AT THE UN
Koffi Annan’s statement welcomed the willingness of the Security Council to help all parties fully meet their commitments under the proposed comprehensive settlement of the Cyprus problem if that blueprint is approved in referenda on 24 April. Annan was reacting to a press statement issued after a meeting on Friday of the Security Council which said the Council was ready to act in accordance with a UN solution plan for a comprehensive settlement in Cyprus and stated its commitment to see to it that the parties meet their commitments to the settlement.
Furthermore, “he also welcomes the Council’s readiness to take further action as provided for in the settlement, including the establishment of a new United Nations operation”.
“The Secretary-General will be reporting to the Security Council soon, asking it to take decisions in accordance with the settlement, including on a reconfigured United Nations peacekeeping operation”, the statement concluded.
A press statement issued after a meeting of the Security Council said the Council was ready to act in accordance with a UN solution plan for a comprehensive settlement in Cyprus and stated its commitment to see to it that the parties meet their commitments to the settlement.
The press statement on Cyprus, read out by current Security Council president Gunter Pleuger, said the Council welcomed the result of the preparatory donors conference for Cyprus.
”The Council recalls that it is now for the Cypriots to take an historic decision on April 24 referenda to resolve the Cyprus problem,” the statement said.
”Should the plan be approved, the Council stands ready to take further actions as provided for in the plan, including by establishing a new UN operation in support of its swift and full implementation by all parties,” it added.
The Council, it noted, would also be committed to ”helping ensure that the parties fully meet their commitments under the settlement.”
On Thursday’s donor’s conference in Brussels, the Security Council welcomed ”the results of the preparatory international donors conference for Cyprus, held on 15 April 2004 in Brussels to organize financial support to cover costs linked to a possible political settlement to the Cyprus question.”
”The Council recognises the commitments of the donors as a demonstration of their willingness to provide the necessary financial resources to implement the Secretary General’s comprehensive settlement of the Cyprus problem, should the Cypriot votes approve the plan,” it concluded.
Cypriots will vote in a referendum on 24 April on the UN solution plan, the Annan plan.
Responding to questions, current Council president Gunter Pleuger said there had been no change in the attitude of the Council in the past couple of days.
He explained that the Council ”just welcomed the fact that in this preparatory conference a number of countries have made enormous pledges for support and I think that was welcomed by the Council.”